Types Of Saws For Your Needs

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There are so many types of saws that are available on the market, and it’s important to use the right saw for the job and ensuring that the job is done in the most efficient and safe manner.  Saws range from the old style hand saws, hacksaws, and coping saws, to circular saws, jig saws, reciprocating saws, and saws for wood, tile, and stone – it doesn’t matter what the material consists of, there’s a saw made that can cut it.  Let’s take a look at some of these types of saws and the jobs they are designed to perform.

Hand or Manual Saws

These types of saws come in a wide variety of manual styles that were used for centuries before electricity was invented.  Some of these saws include:

Hand Saw – No one knows who actually invented these hand saw, but the Egyptians used copper saws to cut the blocks of granite to build the pyramids about 7000 years ago.  These saws consist of a handle and a blade, that has different styles of “teeth” on the blade depending on the material that the saw was designed to cut.

  • Hacksaw – These types of saws have a very fine tooth blade that is capable of cutting hard plastic, wood, and metal.
  • Crosscut Saw – These types of saws are designed for cutting horizontally across a tree trunk and the teeth on the saw cut at a right angle to the grain of the wood.  They aren’t as rigid as regular saws, and this flexibility makes them much easier to use when cutting down trees or cutting wood across the grain.
  • Coping Saw – These types of saws are made with a very thin frame and are used to cut very delicate patterns and elaborate shapes in wood.  The thin blade allows the direction to be easily changed when cutting an intricate design in the wood.
  • Plywood and Veneer Saws – These types of saws are designed as smaller more precise saws with fine tooth blades and produce a very smooth incision in veneers or plywood.

Power Saws

With the invention of engines, came the revolution in sawing, and the invention of many types of saws that are either electric or gas powered saws. These saws are available in most any hardware store, and certainly have a wide assortment of availability over the internet.  There are power saws that are designed to cut wood, ceramic, marble, stone, Plexiglas, metals, tile, and just about any type of material that needs cutting.  Some of these saws include:

Band SawsBand Saws – These types of saws are used for softer metals, plastics, laminates, and wood pieces and because the saw itself consists of a thin metal blade that is moved by a series of pulleys across the cutting surface.  The size of the pieces that can be cut on this type of saw is limited; however very intricate details can be done by highly experienced saw operators.  This type of saw is not generally very portable, but they generally are affordable starting around $150.


Radial Arm tile and Stone Saw – These types of saws are typically used to cut stone or ceramic tile.  It has a water basin underneath the table and a pump that circulates water over the blade to cool and lubricate the blade.  A radial saw has a stable blade, and the material is place on the table, which moves under the material to position it for cutting.  These saws are very slow, but can cut very hard stone.  These run from $159 up to $889.

Circular SawCircular Saw – These types of saws of saws are portable and they have blade that is circular and usually used for rough framing, and never used for detailed finishing work.  They are excellent and fast when cutting through lumber sheets of wood, and very easy to use.  There are two designs of circular saws; one style is designed with the blade aligned with the shaft of the motor and gears that bring power to the blade from the motor.  The other style is called a worm drive style, which also has a motor that is aligned with the saw but they are significantly heavier, and a lot more powerful and accurate. These start around $45 and run upwards over $590. Here’s a good circular saw DEWALT DWE575SB 7-1/4-Inch Lightweight Circular Saw with Electric Brake

Jig SawJigSaw – These types of saws are the most popular for extremely delicate and detailed cutting of wood products.  It has a blade approximately four inches in length, and up to 3/8 inches in width that sticks out through the foot of the saw and sits directly on the piece of wood.  The bladed cut on the upstroke as it slides up and down on the wood.  Some have and adjustable oscillating motion that allows for more detailed cutting; however, the blades can be bent very easily and are very fragile.  These saws start around $25 and go upwards around $350.

Miter sawsMiter saws – These types of saws are preferred when mitered edges need to be cut for trimming wood on crown moldings and cabinetry.  They have a 10” or 12” blade that is circular, but they provide a smoother cut than a regular circular saw because the blades have more teeth.  There are different miter saws for straight crosscuts, cuts at multiple or compound angles, and dual-directional angled cuts.  There is also a sliding miter that is mounted on a railing to produce longer cuts.  These saws start around $100 and are priced upwards of $700. Here’s a good miter saw: Hitachi C10FCE2 10-Inch Compound Miter Saw


Reciprocating SawsReciprocating Saws – These types of saws are primarily used in demolition because they are not generally very accurate, but they can cut through just about every type of plastic, wood, or laminate.  These generally start around $49, and go upwards of $350. Here’s a good reciprocating saw: Bosch CRS180K 18-Volt Lithium-Ion Reciprocating Saw Kit with Battery, Charger, and Blade




Metal Cutoff Saws – These types of saws are built to for crosscutting steel bars and tubing, and have limited angles because the blade basically chips off the metal and is more of a grinding wheel than a blade.  It’s also very slow and generates a lot of heat when it’s cutting.  These are priced from $49 to over $660.

Measure Twice, Saw Once

With so many types of saws on the market, the perfect saw exists for the job – just remember measure twice, and only cut once because once it’s cut, it can’t be cut a second time.

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